T'ai Chi Neigong

Contents

There are a number of different Sun Style routines each containing some postures from the original 98 devised by Sun Lu-t'ang. What follows is a list of each posture within the different routines (generally referred to as "Forms").
# Posture # Posture
1Opening form 21Brush knee, twist step, right
2Open and Close 22Leisurely tie coat, right
3Single whip, right 23Open and Close
4Waving hands in the clouds, right 24Single whip, left
5Open and Close 25Punch under elbow, left
6Single whip, left 26Repulse monkey - back, left
7Waving hands in the clouds, left 27Repulse monkey - front, left
8Open and Close 28Brush knee, twist step, left
9Brush knee, twist step, left 29Leisurely tie coat, left
10Playing the lute, left 30Open and Close
11Parry Parry Punch, left 31Brush knee, twist step, left
12Embrace Tiger, left 32Leisurely tie coat, left
13Push Mountain, left 33Open and Close
14Open and Close 34Single whip, right
15Brush knee, twist step, right 35Punch under elbow, right
16Playing the lute, right 36Repulse monkey - back, right
17Parry Parry Punch, right 37Repulse monkey - front, right
18Embrace Tiger, right 38Brush knee, twist step, right
19Push Mountain, right 39Leisurely tie coat, right
20Open and Close, right 40Open and Close
41Closing Form
# Posture # Posture
1Wu Ji - becomes Tai Ji 38Turn Body and Kick with Right Heel
2Lazily tying back the clothes 39Step Up, Parry and Punch
3Open hands 40Apparent Close-Up
4Close hands 41Embrace Tiger and Push Mountain
5Single whip - left 42Open Hands (Turn to the Left)
6Lift hands and step up 43Close hands
7White Swan cools its wings 44Brush Knee and Twist Step
8Open hands 45Tuck in Robes
9Close hands 46Open hands
10Brush knee twist step 47Close hands
11Hands strum the lute 48Diagonal Single Whip
12Advance step, deflect, parry and punch 49Part the Horse’s Mane
13Apparent seal and close 50Tuck in robes
14Embrace the tiger and push the mountain 51Open hands
15Open hands 35Close hands
16Close hands 53Single Whip - Left Style
17Brush knee twist step - right 54Wave Hands Like Clouds - Left Style
18Lazily tying back the clothes 55Wave Hands and Push Down
19Open hands 56Golden Cock Stands on One Leg
20Close hands 57Flash Through the Back Push Hand - Left Style
21Single whip - left 58Jade Lady Works the Shuttles
22Fist under elbow 59Pat High on the Horse
23Retreat and repulse monkey - left 60Cross Slap Kick
24Retreat and repulse monkey - right 61Step (Forward) and Strike Groin with Fist
25Brush knee twist step - left 62Tuck in Robes in Moving Steps
26Lazily tying back the clothes - left 63Open hands
27Open hands 64Close hands
28Close hands 65Single Whip - Left Style
29Single whip - right 66Single Whip and Push Down
30Cloud hands - right 67Step Up to Seven Stars
31High pat on horse 68Step Backward and Mount the Tiger
32Separate leg - left 69Turn Body and Lotus Kick
33Separate leg - right 70Curved Bow Shoots Tiger
34Step Forward and Punch Down 71Clout with Both Fists
35Turn Over with Flying Front Kick 72Combine ”Yin” and ”Yang” Into One
36Turn Body and Tame Tiger 73Closing Form
37Lift Foot - Left Style
# Posture # Posture
1Wuji, Taiji, Lazily tie the coat19Step Backward and Whirl Arms
2Open and close hands20Left Brush Khees
3Single whip, wave hands like clouds21Playing the Lute
4Left Brush Knee22Flash the Back
5Playing the Lute23Lazy Tying Coat
6Step Forward, Parry and Punch24Opening and Closing Hands
7Apparent Close-up25Single Whip
8Embrace Tiger, Push Mountain26Wave Hands like Clouds
9Opening and Closing Hands27High Pat Horse
10Right Brush Knee28Left Splitting Kick
11Lazy Tying Coat29Right Forward Kick
12Opening and Closing Hands30Step and Punch Downwards
13Diagonal Single Whip31Turn and Sweep the Lotus Leg
14Parting the Wild Horse's Mane32Shoot Tiger with Bow
15Lazy Tying Coat33Two Fist Punch
16Fair Lady Works at Shuttles34Mixing Yin and Yang
17Down Form35Closing Form
18Golden Rooster on One Leg
# Posture # Posture
1Wu Ji
nonpolarity
49Open hands
kai shou
2Tai Ji
grand polarity
50Close hands
he shou
3Lazily tying back the clothes
lan zha yi
51Brush knee twist step
lou xi ao bu
4Open hands
kai shou
52Lazily tying back the clothes
lan zha yi
5Close hands
he shou
53Open hands
kai shou
6Single whip
dan bian
54Close hands
he shou
7Raise hands
ti shou shang shi
55Diagonal single whip
xie dan bian
8White Swan cools its wings
bai he liang chi
56Parting the wild horse's mane
ye ma fen zong
9Open hands
kai shou
57Open hands
kai shou
10Close hands
he shou
58Close hands
he shou
11Brush knee twist step
lou xi ao bu
59Single whip
dan bian
12Hands strum the lute
shou hui pi pa
60Right palm through the back
you bei zhang
13Advance step, deflect, parry and punch
shang bu ban lan chui
61Jade lady works the shuttles
yu nu chuan suo
14Apparent seal and close
ru feng si bi
62Lazily tying back the clothes
lan zha yi
15Embrace the tiger and push the mountain
bao hu tui shan
63Open hands
kai shou
16Open hands
kai shou
64Close hands
he shou
17Close hands
he shou
65Single whip
dan bian
18Brush knee twist step
lou xi ao bu
66Cloud hands
yun shou
19Lazily tying back the clothes
lan zha yi
67Downward cloud hands
yun shou xia shi
20Open hands
kai shou
68Rooster stands on one leg
geng ji du li
21Close hands
he shou
69Retreat and repulse monkey left (x2)
dao nian hou zuo shi
22Single whip
dan bian
70Retreat and repulse monkey right (x2)
dao nian hou you shi
23Fist under elbow
zhou xia kan chui
71Hands strum the lute
shou hui pi pa
24Retreat and repulse monkey left (x2)
dao nian hou zuo shi
72White Swan cools its wings
bai he liang chi
25Retreat and repulse monkey right (x2)
dao nian hou you shi
73Open hands
kai shou
26Hands strum the lute
shou hui pi pa
74Close hands
he shou
27White Swan cools its wings
bai he liang chi
75Brush knee twist step
lou xi ao bu
28Open hands
kai shou
76Hands strum the lute
shou hui pi pa
29Close hands
he shou
77Pass through the back three times
san tong bei
30Brush knee twist step
lou xi ao bu
78Open hands
kai shou
31Hands strum the lute
shou hui pi pa
79Close hands
he shou
32Pass through the back three times
san tong bei
80Single whip
dan bian
33Open hands
kai shou
81Cloud hands
yun shou
34Close hands
he shou
82High pat on horse
gao tan ma
35Single whip
dan bian
83Crossed swinging lotus kick
shi zi bai lian
36Cloud hands
yun shou
84Advance and punch the groin
jin bu zhi dang chui
37High pat on horse
gao tan ma
85Retreat and lazily tying back the clothes
tui bu lan zha yi
38Raise right foot
you qi jiao
86Open hands
kai shou
39Raise left foot
zuo qi jiao
87Close hands
he shou
40Turn the body and kick
zhuan shen ti jiao
88Single whip
dan bian
41Stamp step and strike
qian bu da chui
89Downward single whip
dan bian xia shi
42Overturn the body and double kick
fan shen er qi
90Stepping up to the seven stars
shang bu qi xing
43Throw the crouching tiger over
pi shen fu hu
91Stepping down to ride the tiger
xia bu kua hu
44Kick left foot
zuo ti jiao
92Spinning loutus kick
zhuan jiao bai lian
45Right thrust kick
you ti jiao
93Bend the bow and shoot the tiger
wan gong she hu
46Advance step, deflect, parry and punch
shang bu ban lan chui
94Double crashing fists
shuang chui
47Apparent seal and close
ru feng si bi
95Uniting Yin and Yang
yin yang hun yi
48Embrace the tiger and push the mountain
bao hu tui shan
96Returning to Wu Ji
wu ji huan yuan
# Posture # Posture
1Lazily Tying the Coat8Raise and kick foot (right)
3Opening and Closing Hands9Turn Back Heel Kick (Left)
3Single Whip10Step Forward and Punch Down
4Cloud Hands11Flip Back Double Lotus Kick
5Through the Back Palm (right)12Double Knocking Fists
6Jade Girl Works the Shuttles13Unification of Yin and Yang
7Step up to the Seven Stars

vi. Shortened Traditional Routine (91 Form)


This sequence is designed for Tai Chi competitions with traditional forms that have a 6 minute limit.

# Posture # Posture
1Wu Ji
nonpolarity
49Open hands
kai shou
2Tai Ji
grand polarity
50Close hands
he shou
3Lazily tying back the clothes
lan zha yi
51Brush knee twist step
lou xi ao bu
4Open hands
kai shou
52Lazily tying back the clothes
lan zha yi
5Close hands
he shou
53Open hands
kai shou
6Single whip
dan bian
54Close hands
he shou
7Raise hands
ti shou shang shi
55Diagonal single whip
xie dan bian
8White Swan cools its wings
bai he liang chi
56Parting the wild horse's mane
ye ma fen zong
9Open hands
kai shou
57Open hands
kai shou
10Close hands
he shou
58Close hands
he shou
11Brush knee twist step
lou xi ao bu
59Single whip
dan bian
12Hands strum the lute
shou hui pi pa
60Right palm through the back
you bei zhang
13Advance step, deflect, parry and punch
shang bu ban lan chui
61Jade lady works the shuttles
yu nu chuan suo
14Apparent seal and close
ru feng si bi
62Lazily tying back the clothes
lan zha yi
15Embrace the tiger and push the mountain
bao hu tui shan
63Open hands
kai shou
16Open hands
kai shou
64Close hands
he shou
17Close hands
he shou
65Brush knee twist step
lou xi ao bu
18Brush knee twist step
lou xi ao bu
66Downward cloud hands
yun shou xia shi
19Lazily tying back the clothes
lan zha yi
67Rooster stands on one leg
geng ji du li
20Open hands
kai shou
68Retreat and repulse monkey left (x1)
dao nian hou zuo shi
21Close hands
he shou
69Retreat and repulse monkey right (x1)
dao nian hou you shi
22Single whip
dan bian
70Hands strum the lute
shou hui pi pa
23Fist under elbow
zhou xia kan chui
71White Swan cools its wings
bai he liang chi
24Retreat and repulse monkey left (x2)
dao nian hou zuo shi
72Open hands
kai shou
25Retreat and repulse monkey right (x2)
dao nian hou you shi
73Close hands
he shou
26Hands strum the lute
shou hui pi pa
74Single whip
dan bian
27White Swan cools its wings
bai he liang chi
75Cloud hands
yun shou
28Open hands
kai shou
76High pat on horse
gao tan ma
29Close hands
he shou
77Crossed swinging lotus kick
shi zi bai lian
30Brush knee twist step
lou xi ao bu
79Advance and punch the groin
jin bu zhi dang chui
31Hands strum the lute
shou hui pi pa
80Retreat and lazily tying back the clothes
tui bu lan zha yi
32Pass through the back three times
san tong bei
81Open hands
kai shou
33Open hands
kai shou
82Close hands
he shou
34Close hands
he shou
83Downward single whip
dan bian xia shi
35Single whip
dan bian
84Stepping up to the seven stars
shang bu qi xing
36Cloud hands
yun shou
85Stepping down to ride the tiger
xia bu kua hu
37High pat on horse
gao tan ma
86Spinning loutus kick
zhuan jiao bai lian
38Raise right foot
you qi jiao
87Bend the bow and shoot the tiger
wan gong she hu
39Raise left foot
zuo qi jiao
88Double crashing fists
shuang chui
40Turn the body and kick
zhuan shen ti jiao
89Uniting Yin and Yang
yin yang hun yi
41Stamp step and strike
qian bu da chui
91Returning to Wu Ji
wu ji huan yuan
43Throw the crouching tiger over
pi shen fu hu
42Overturn the body and double kick
fan shen er qi
43Throw the crouching tiger over
pi shen fu hu
44Kick left foot
zuo ti jiao
45Right thrust kick
you ti jiao
46Advance step, deflect, parry and punch
shang bu ban lan chui
47Apparent seal and close
ru feng si bi
48Embrace the tiger and push the mountain
bao hu tui shan
The Wu Yuxiang branch of taiji (武禹襄) was developed in the mid to late 1800s and was the main precursor to the Sun style. Master Qiao Songmao from Hebei provence is the current 5th generation inheritor of the Wu Yuxiang lineage. Wu(Hao) taiji also inherits from this lineage.
# Posture # Posture
1Starting form44Six sealings and four closings
2Tuck in robes - left45Carry tiger and push mountain
3Tuck in robes - right46Hands strum pipa
4Single whip47Tuck in robes - right
5Lift hands and step up48Oblique single whip
6White goose spreads its wings49Part the wild horse's mane
7Brush knee and twist step - left50Single whip
8Hands strum pipa51Jade girl works with shuttles
9Brush knee and twist step - left52Hands strum pipa
10Brush knee and twist step - right53Tuck in robes - right
11Step forward, parry and punch54Single whip
12Six sealings and four closings55Wave hands like clouds
13Carry tiger and push mountain56Single whip
14Hands strum pipa57Push down
15Tuck in robes - right58Cock stands on one leg - left
16Single whip59Cock stands on one leg - right
17Lift hands and step up60Step back and repulse monkey
18Push face with palm61Hands strum pipa
19Fist under elbow62White goose spreads its wings
20Step back and repulse monkey63Brush knee and twist step - left
21Hands strum pipa64Hands strum pipa
22White goose spreads its wings65Pressing posture
23Brush knee and twist step66Black dragon comes out of water
24Hands strum pipa67Three through Arms
25Pressing posture68Single whip
26Black dragon comes out of water69Wave hands like clouds
27Three through arms70Single whip
28Single whip71Lift hands and step up
29Wave hands like clouds72Reach the horse on high place
30Single whip73Opposite heart palm
31Reach the horse on high place - left74Crossed and lotus kick
32Reach the horse on high place - right75Strike groin with fist
33Lift right foot76Tuck in robes - right
34Lift left foot77Single whip
35Turn body and kick foot78Push down
36Jump step and punch down79Step forward to form seven stars
37Turn body over and jump slap kick80Step back and straddle the tiger
38Drape over body81Turn body and lotus kick
39Tame tiger - left82Bend bow to shoot the tiger
40Tame tiger - right83Hold double fists
41Kick foot84Hands strum pipa
42Overturn the body and double kick85Closing form
43Step forward, parry and punch
Below is a short list of books I have found very useful during my studies of the forms taught in our group.
A list of videos available on the web with some of the forms taught in our group.
A list of instructional videos available on some of the forms taught in our group.

1. Sun Style Taijiquan (太极拳)

This section provides details of some of the main Sun Style references available. Unlike other T'ai Chi forms, Sun Style is not widely published.

Title Author Publisher Year Form / Style
1 A Study of Taijiquan Sun Lu-t'ang Blue Snake Books, USA 2003 98 Posture Traditional Routine
Translated by Tim Cartmell from the original work published in 1919. Includes annotations on the original text, photographs of Sun Lu-t'ang demonstrating the form and explanations.
2 Traditional Sun Style Taijiquan Course Tim Cartmell, Troyce Thome McGraw Hill, USA 2010 97 Posture Traditional Routine
Comprehensive up to date text on the form, exercises and principles. Includes chapters on the history of the style, the benefits of practice, the important principles of the style and basic exercises, a complete breakdown of and thorough explanations of each movement.
3 Sun Style Taijiquan Beijing University of Sports Education, China 73 Posture Competition Routine
This is the English textbook for students studying Sun Style at the Beijing University of Sports Education in China. This book presents the Sun Style Tai Chi Competition Routine in 73 Forms, illustrated with 177 diagrams and accompanied by written descriptions. It also contains a floor plan, which outlines the distribution of movements in the routine.
4 The Competition Routine of Sun Style Taijiquan Zhong Shan, Chief Editor Beijing, China 2003 73 Posture Competition Routine
This book accompanies an instruction video by Master Wu Dong and is the recommended text for students studying Sun Style at the Tai Chi & Chi Kung Institude, Adelaide.
5 Classical Taijiquan, Vol. I - Taijiquan Xue Sun Lu-t'ang Smiling Tiger Martial Arts, USA 2000 98 Posture Traditional Routine
Translated by Joseph Crandall from the original work published in 1919. This is an earlier translation of the original text with photographs of Sun Lu-t'ang demonstrating the form and explanations. Subtle differences exist between this and Tim Cartmell's version which conveys additional information.
6 Taiji Boxing Sun Jianyun The People’s Physical Education Press, China 1957 97 Posture Traditional Routine
Translated by Paul Brennan in 2015 (see here), this work by Sun Lu-t'ang's daughter provides a clear and concise posture by posture instruction and guide to the traditional routine. Much of the material is based on the original work by Sun Lu-t'ang and is reinterpreted with additional insights and discussion.
7 Traditional Sun Lu-T'ang Style: Commentary by Madam Sun Jian-Yun Bradford Tyrey CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform 2016 97 Posture Traditional Routine
This book contains over 130 old photos and drawings, with 100 pages of detailed information. An authoritative book authored by one of Madam Sun Jian-Yun’s (daughter of Grandmaster Sun Lu-T’ang [1861-1933]) direct long-term students. Old writings on the Neijiaquan practices of Taijiquan (Tai-Chi), Baguazhang, Xingyiquan, and Qigong. This book focuses on questions that we asked Madam Sun [1913-2003] in class, and her detailed explanations. This is part of a series of books on traditional Sun family practices and is highly recommended as a follow-up text to our 1st book: The Internal Practices of Sun Lu-T’ang. Introduction to several of Madam Sun’s direct long-term students: Bradford Tyrey (USA), Dave Martin (United Kingdom), and Su-Ying Martin (United Kingdom). Our second book offered on traditional Sun family style practices. This book introduces many of the profound methods of practice taught by Grandmaster Sun Lu-T’ang, and is an absolutely essential text for pursuing the traditional Sun family style Taijiquan (Tai-Chi) form instruction and cultivation of qi presented in our third book in this series.

2. Neigong (內功) and Zhan Zhuang (站桩)

This section provides details of some available references on Neigong and Zhan Zhuang (standing pole meditation).

Title Author Publisher Year Form / Style
1 Neigong: The Authentic Classic Translated by Tom Bisio, Huang Guo-Qi and Joshua Paynter Outskirts Press, USA 2011 Neigong Zhen Chuan
This is a modern translation of an ancient and obsure text of unknown origin. It presents a practical manual on internal energy development and its fundamental importance in the martial arts. Includes discussion on San Ti Shi and Neigong breathing practices. Detailed analysis and discussion using the symbology of the Yi Jing (I Ching) is also presented.
2 Xing Yi Nei Gong: Xing Yi Health Maintenance and Internal Strength Development Compiled and edited by Dan Miller and Tim Cartmell Beckett Media, USA 1999 Shanxi Style Xing Yi Neigong
This book provides detailed descritions, images and analysis of the San Ti Shi posture and mental imagery used when practicing Neigong. Wang Ji Wu and Zhang Bao Yang are Shanxi Style masters and are one of the key influencers on our style and training. The book also provides instruction on supplemental Xing Yi Quan training and exercises to promote and encourage whole body power and overall health.
3 Ba Gua Circle Walking Nei Gong: The Meridian Opening Palms of Ba Gua Zhang Tom Bisio Outskirts Press, USA 2012 Bagua Zhang Neigong
This book provides instruction on Bagua Neigong Circle walking however it is primarily focussed on the practice of Neigong. The principles here are equally relevant to our T'ai Chi and Neigong. Included are detailed discussions and instruction on breathing, Qi cultivation, TCM and meridians and acu-points.
4 Qigong Qi of the Center, Essence of Taijiquan Jan Diepersloot Center for Healing and The Arts, USA 1999 Qigong
Volume 1 in the Warriors of Stillness: Meditative Traditions in the Chinese Martial Arts trilogy. The Teachings of Grandmaster Cai Song Fang. Jan Diepersloot's influential work on the practices of Qigong. Breathing, posture, mental imagery and Qi work. This material is very relavant and instructive to our practices.
5 Inside Zhan Zhuang Mark Cohen 2012 Zhan Zhuang
This work is highly regarded by Zhan Zhuang practitioners and offers a very detailed treatment of the field. The postures we practice are covered with good commentary and discussion. This book is quite advanced. Much of the material is really only accessible to advanced practitioners.
6 Daoist Nei Gong: The Philosophical Art of Change Damo Mitchell Singing Dragon, UK and USA 2011 Neigong
This book is the result of extensive research and practice. Not a book for beginners although it does start simply. Recommended for advanced practitioners. Very detailed descriptions of practices, forms, postures and internal mental work.

3. Xing Yi Quan (形意拳)

This section provides details of some available references on Xing Yi Quan, which is one of the primary influences on Sun Lu-t'ang. Our practice of San Ti Shi is a central form in Xing Yi, forming what is known as the Mu Shi or 'Mother Form'.

Title Author Publisher Year Form / Style
1 The Study of Xing Yi Quan Sun Lu-t'ang Shen Long Publishing, USA 2014 Sun Style Xing Yi Quan
This is a modern translation by Franklin Fick of the original work published in 1915 by Sun Lu-t'ang. This work was the first ever modern guide intended to teach the form from the basics. Many of the postures in our Sun Style T'ai Chi are derived from postures in this work.
2 Authentic Xing Yi Quan Gong Zhong Xiang Shen Long Publishing, USA 2011 'Authentic' Xing Yi
This book describes the style of Xing Yi Quan variously referred to as 'authentic', having originated from one of the most famous martial artists Li Cun Yi. This style was also related to a form known as Xing Yi Bagua which developed after Bagua Zhang. This book provides in depth instruction, pictures and analysis of the form.
3 Shang Yun-Xiang Style Xingyiquan Li Wen-Bin Blue Snake Books, USA 2014 Shang Yun-Xiang Style Xingyiquan
This style of Xing Yi Quan differs from Hebei and Shanxi however the principles are the same. This book provides instruction and depth in the form as well as philosophy, standing meditation (San Ti Shi).
4 Combat Techniques of Taiji, Xingyi, and Bagua Lu Shengli Blue Snake Books, USA 2006 Taiji, Xingyi and Bagua
This work, translated by Zhang Yun, offers a comprehensive guide to Taiji, Xingyi and Bagua and provides a detailed description of their own 16 posture form. Of particular value are the introductory chapters on the history and details of the various forms as well as detailed instruction on Zhan Zhuang, Neigong, breathing, body alignment and so forth. This book could be in its own section since it is so broad in its coverage.
5 The Mysterious Power of Xingyi Quan C S Tang Singing Dragon 2013 Xingyi
The ancient Chinese martial art of Xingyi Quan is known for its explosive internal power. Closely related to both Taiji Quan and Bagua Quan, Xingyi is regarded as the most esoteric, and the most dangerous of the fighting arts, though the purposes of consistent practice include health and spiritual development. This in-depth guide is the first to cover the history and traditions of the art in such a comprehensive way, describing the essential Xingyi Quan movements, and their effects, in fully illustrated form, and including the author's research with the Song Xingyi Quan clan in China. The book contains a comprehensive teaching guide to the practice of Santi Shr and the Five Element Fists, the core exercises of this potent fighting system, as well as explanations of the underlying principles which give Xingyi Masters their great depth of skill and refined understanding of combat strategy. The reader will also find clearly illustrated teachings of all the Twelve Animal Forms, linking forms, two person sets, basic skills, and the weapons training. This authoritative book will be an illuminating and complete guide for anyone interested in the internal martial arts, especially those practicing or teaching Xingyi Quan or wanting to learn more about it.

4. General Reference

This section provides lists some references that are more generally related to our practice, including TCM, Yiquan, history and Yi Jing.

Title Author Publisher Year Form / Style
1 Meridians and Acupoints Edited by Zhu Bing and Wang Hongcai Singing Dragon, UK and USA 2010 Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
This work originally compiled by the China Beijing International Acupuncture Training Center (CBIATC) provides a detailed and accessible reference to the acupoints and meridians. Knowledge of these is essential when learning Neigong. When studying other material about Neigong, having a reference to TCM proves very useful.
2 The Complete I Ching Alfred Huang Inner Traditions, USA, Canada 2010 Yi Jing
Neigong, Taijiquan and Bagua Zhang all refer to Daoism, Confucianism and the Yi Jing (I Ching) cosmogony. In particular, various postures, parts of the body, movement of Qi, breathing and so forth use Yi Jing hexagrams (gua) to convey meaning and concepts. This work provides a detailed reference as well as the famous commentaries by Confucius, King Wen and The Duke of Zhou.
3 The Complete Book of Yi Quan C S Tang Singing Dragon, UK and USA 2015 Yiquan
Yiquan is an internal kung fu style that focusses on intent, internal work and Qi. This comprehensive work by one of the worlds recognised masters offers a thorough study of the form. For our purposes, the sections on Zhan Zhuang are particularly useful.
4 Chinese Martial Arts Training Manuals Brian Kennedy and Elizabeth Guo Blue Snake Books, USA 2005 History
This work offers a history of martial arts training manuals, some of which are listed above. The authors have studied the available material in great depth and offer some very enlightening insights into much of the mythology that clouds kung fu. Their matter of fact treatment goes some way to debunking much of the nonsense often heard on this field. Many of the books mentioned are still in print or available electronically.
5 Research of Martial Arts Jonathan Bluestein CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform 2014 Martial Arts History, Philosophy and Commentary
Jonathan Bluestein's Research of Martial Arts is a book about the true essence of martial arts. It includes neither instruction on deadly killing techniques, nor mystical tales of so called super-human masters. Rather, it is a vast compilation of seriously thought-out observations made on the subject by the author, as well as many other martial artists and scientists, with a slight touch of history and humour. The goal of this project had from the start been to surpass the current standard in the martial arts literary market, and offer readers worldwide something which they have never seen before. In essence, a book in which are found countless answers for martial arts practitioners which cannot be read elsewhere, addressing commonly discussed martially-related topics with breadth and depth unparalleled in other works to this day (in any language). It holds among its pages no less than 220,000 words, containing knowledge which would be coveted by many. The aim of this book is to present the reader a coherent, clear-cut, and in-depth view of some of the most perplexing and controversial subjects in the world of martial arts, as well as providing a healthy dose of philosophical outlook on these subjects (from various individuals). At its core is the author's aspiration to build a stronger theoretical foundation the discussion of martial arts, while addressing matters in innovative ways, which he had come to believe, would help people to better grasp the nature of these arts. There are books by authors who will tell you that some aspects of the martial arts are too complex for concrete, coherent and defined explanations. Others have used ambiguous terminology to explain what they could not pronounce otherwise. This is no such book. This book was written to provide you with the solid, applicable answers and ideas that you could actually understand, and take away with you.

5. Sun Style Taijiquan Videos

i. Sun Style Taiji Traditional Routine

Performed by my teacher, Master Ivan Ang, Singapore, 4th generation Sun Style (Sun Lu Tang => Sun Cun Zhou => Sun Wan Rong => Ivan Ang).

ii. Taiji for Arthritis (12 and 41 form)

Laoshi Gladys Tan demonstrating "Arthritis 1 and 2 Tai Chi for Health" steps at Yio Chu Kang Community Centre. This simpllified version of tai chi is developed by Dr Paul Lam. See her blog. The "12" form we teach to beginners is essentially most of Part 1 of this routine.


iii. Sun Style Taiji Competition Routine (73 form)

Demonstrated by an unknown individual. His execution of this form is superb.


iv. Sun Style Taiji Traditional Routine (97 form)

Demonstrated by Sun Jianyun, the daughter of Sun Lu-t'ang.

v. Sun Style Taiji Traditional Routine (97 form)

An older film of Sun Jianyun, the daughter of Sun Lu-t'ang demonstrating the 97 form.

vi. Sun Style Taiji Traditional Routine (97 form)

Demonstrated by Master Wang Yanji, a respected master of the Li Yulin line.

vi. Sun Style Taiji Traditional Routine (stills) (97 form)

This video is shows a sequence of digitially enhanced stills taken from Sun Lu-t'ang's original publication A Study of Taijiquan

6. Xing Yi Quan Videos

i. Hebei Style San Ti Shi

Master Jackie Yao Wu Hu walks us through the first steps in training in Hebei style Xingyiquan. This includes the opening form, post standing and San Ti Shi. English subtitles included. See here


ii. Xing Yi Five-element Quan Tutorial

Demonstrated by Master Di Guoyong. This is also Hebei style. The five element fist forms the basis of this form.


iii. Xing Yi Quan: San Ti Shi

Master Han Yanwu explains San Ti Shi, the foundation training method of Xing Yi Quan. This style of San Ti Shi is very similar to the style we teach in our classes. Master Han teaches traditional kung fu in Beijing.

7. Sun Style Taijiquan DVDs

This section provides details of some of the main Sun Style references available. Unlike other T'ai Chi forms, Sun Style is not widely published.

Title Author Publisher Year Form / Style
1 73 Steps of Sun Style Taiji Quan Wu Amin China Outlet Online 2003 73 Posture Competition Routine
This DVD is very difficult to find but well worth the effort. Wu Amin guides the viewer through the entire 73 postures clearly and with great precision. Her form is superb. This title was sold under the code "KF740 coohk"
2 Sun Style Tai Chi Standard Form 73 Master Jesse Tsao Taichi Healthways, USA 2002 73 Posture Competition Routine
I have trained under Master Jesse Tsao and I regard him as one of the great contemporary T'ai Chi Masters. His clear instruction, well choreographed lessons and depth of knowlegde make these DVDs some of the best you'll find anywhere. I am currently training for instructor certification by Jesse in this form. Find out more here.
3 Traditional Sun Style Tai Chi Long Form Master Jesse Tsao Taichi Healthways, USA 2010 97 Posture Traditional Routine
Another superb instruction DVD by Master Jesse Tsao. The traditional routine is the original form developed by Sun Lu-t'ang. Find out more here.
4 Sun Style Taijiquan Competition Routine Master Li Chengxiang Guangzhou Beauty Cultural Communications Inc., China 73 Posture Competition Routine
This DVD provides very detailed instructions on the competition form. I have used this DVD very much, and it has been particularly useful providing slightly alternative forms of this style. Highly recommended. Subtitled.
5 Sun-Style Taijiquan Sun Jianyun Guangzhou Beauty Cultural Communications Inc., China 97 Posture Traditional Routine
Sun Jianyun was the daughter of Sun Lu-t'ang, the creator of the Sun Style In this DVD she provides very detailed instructions on the traditional form. As a link with the originator this work is very important and significant. Close study of this form reveals the subtly and depth this style contains. Use in tandem with Sun Lu-t'angs written work.
6 Sun-Style Open and Close Taiji boxing Deng Fuming Guangzhou Beauty Cultural Communications Inc., China 97 Posture Traditional Routine and applications
Master Deng Fuming is an internationally recognised martial artist that specialises in some of the lesser know forms and styles. This DVD is quite unique in its treatment of the traditional routine in that Master Fuming shows us the origin and practical application of each posture. The purpose of many of the postures in Sun style is not always clear. In this DVD Master Fuming makes it clear what "play the lute" or "cloud hands" is meant for in the martial art. Well worth studying this work.
7 Sun-Style Taiji push hand Deng Fuming Guangzhou Beauty Cultural Communications Inc., China Sun Style Push Hands
Push hands is the practical application of the Taiji form. This DVD details the unique characteristics of Sun Style push hands, which differs considerably from the other Taiji schools.
8 Tai Chi Competition Routine 73 Form Li Deyin 73 Posture Competition Routine
Li Deyin is an internationally recognised master in Sun Style. This DVD details the form in great detail however it is in chinese with no subtitles. This DVD features Master Fay (Li) Yip.

8. Xing Yi Quan DVDs

This section provides details of some available references on Xing Yi Quan, which is one of the primary influences on Sun Lu-t'ang. Our practice of San Ti Shi is a central form in Xing Yi, forming what is known as the Mu Shi or 'Mother Form'.

Title Author Publisher Year Form / Style
1 Xingyi Five-element Boxing Di Guoyong Guangzhou Beauty Cultural Communications Inc., China Hebei Style Xing Yi Quan

Demonstrated by Master Di Guoyong. This is also Hebei style. The five element fist forms the basis of this form.

9. Interesting Links

This section provides some useful and interesting links.

Title Author Description Form / Style
1 The Uniqueness of Sun Style Taiji Sun Anguang Inside Kung-Fu Maganize, December, 2007, Vol.35 No.12 Sun Style
2 Cloud Hands Michael P. Garofalo Very thoroughly researched site containing many resources for internal martial arts Sun Style 73 Form and others
2 NEIGONG.NET Thomas J. Dyhr Site devoted to discussion and development of the neigong community. Neigong, Tai Chi